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  • Optimization Of Continuous Casting Process In Steel

    Filtration in a Continuous Stainless Steel Casting Process-Scott D. Roser 1982 Continuous Casting-Michael Vynnycky 2019-07-30 Continuous casting is an industrial process whereby molten metal is solidified into a semi-finished billet, bloom, or slab for subsequent rolling in finishing mills; it is the most frequently used process to cast not only

  • Module 3 Selection of Manufacturing Processes

    Continuous casting . Continuous casting process is widely used in the steel industry. In principle, continuous casting is different from the other casting processes in the fact that there is no enclosed mold cavity. Figure 3.2.10. schematically shows a set-up for continuous casting process


    Process stability during continuous casting is essential for the production of high-quality stain-less steels. In particular, the meniscus, which is the most sensitive zone of the entire strand, has to maintain a constant shape and steady posi-tion. The liquid core of the strand acts like a hy-

  • CONTINNOUS CASTING | Engineers Gallery

    Apr 23, 2016· Advantages of Continuous Casting. (i) The process is cheaper than rolling. (ii) casting yield. (iii) The process can be easily mechanized and thus unit labor cost is less. (iv) Casting surfaces are better. (v) Grain size and structure of the casting can be easily controlled.


    the upwards vertical continuous casting process commenced in 1992 and it was launched as the RS series of continuous casting machines at the Wire Exhibition, Dusseldorf in April 1994. The Design Objective The fundamental design objective was to produce a series of

  • (PDF) Solidification control in continuous casting of ...

    IntroductionSolidification in continuous casting (CC) technology is initiated in a water-cooled open-ended copper mould. The steel shell which forms in the mould contains a core of liquid steel which gradually solidifies as the strand moves through the caster guided by a large number of roll pairs. The solidification process initiated at ...

  • Mould Fluxes in the Steel Continuous Casting Process

    During the last decades, the continuous casting process has made enormous advances and more than 90% of the world steel production is now continuously cast [1]. In this process, the liquid steel is poured into a water-cooled copper mould through a submerged entry noz zle (SEN), see Figure 1 [2]. At this stage the solidification process begins.

  • Metallurgy of Continuous Casting Technology

    Aug 10, 2013· Continuous casting process details are shown below in Figure-3(a) and Figure-3(b). To start a cast, a steel dummy bar seals the bottom of the mould. This bar prevents liquid metal from flowing out of the mould and the solidifying shell until a fully solidified strand section is obtained. ...

  • Continuous Casting Process - MDPI

    Dec 01, 2020· Figure 1. Schematic of a continuous casting process.Schematic of a continuous casting process. Another main research topic is the application of electromagnetic actuators to directly influence the flow field in the mold. An electromagnetic brake (EMBr) generates a

  • The Continuous Casting ofStainless Steels

    strand bending and unbending, make the horizontal-casting process particularly attractive for stainless steels containing reactjve elements, and also for crack-susceptiblegrades. The single-wheel casting process developed at Allegheny Ludlum for the production of stainless-steelstrip is an impressive advance in continuous-castingtechnologyl6-19.

  • Continuous Casting - COMSOL

    Continuous Casting. Application ID: 382. This example models the casting process of a metal rod from liquid to solid state using the Non-Isothermal Flow multiphysics interface, which combines heat transfer and fluid flow. The model describes the fluid and solid flow and heat transport, including the phase transfer from melt to solid.

  • Continuous Casting - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

    The continuous casting process for steel is shown in Fig. 1 (second frame) and the close-up of the upper mold region is shown in Fig. 2 this process, molten steel flows from a ladle, through a tundish into the mold. The tundish holds enough metal to provide a continuous flow to the mold, even during an exchange of ladles, which are supplied periodically from the steelmaking process.

  • Continuous casting in the copper industry

    Continuous cast rod (CCR) was chosen for three reasons: a. because it is the intermediate form for the fabrication of copper wire, being the most important copper semi-fabricated product in the world. (around 50% of all semis) b. because the continuous casting process applied for the production of

  • Continuous Casting | Wiley Online Books

    Nov 29, 2000· 25 Years of DGM Continuous Casting Research (Pages: 1-11) Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schneider. Summary. PDF. Request permissions. no. Hydrogen in Aluminum Containing Copper Alloy Melts Solubility, Measurement and Removal (Pages: 13-19) Karsten Neumann Bernd Friedrich Klaus Krone Jürgen Jestrabek Elmar Nosch. Summary.

  • Continuous Casting - Microsoft

    May 22, 2008· Continuous Casting ( , i ' Economic pressure necessitates a gradual refining and improvement of any industrial process. When no further improvement is possible the 'result is often a sudden burst ahead to a new process. Such was the case with oxygen steelmaking and such is now the case with continuous casting. The potential gains economically ...


    continuous casting process. The steel is cooled by spray - ing water onto the strand through nozzles. To avoid surface defects and possible product downgrading caused by clogged nozzles or ruptured or jammed hoses, the Nozzle Expert automatically monitors the condition of the nozzles during the casting process.


    Continuous casting Design by Blisscommunication / Cover photo: ThyssenKrupp Steel / Tubes photo: Salzgitter The process shown above is illustrative only and is not designed to show the steelmaking process in detail. Not all steel plants produce all

  • Continuous Casting Process PDF Notes - semesters

    Continuous casting, also known as strand casting, is the process where a metal is heated until it liquefies. The molten metal is then allowed to solidify until it becomes a semi-finished slab that is later rolled in the finishing mill. It is used to cast metals of uninterrupted lengths.

  • US3354936A - Continuous casting process - Google Patents

    Continuous casting process Download PDF Info Publication number US3354936A. US3354936A US459040A US45904065A US3354936A US 3354936 A US3354936 A US 3354936A US 459040 A US459040 A US 459040A US 45904065 A US45904065 A US 45904065A US 3354936 A US3354936 A US 3354936A Authority US

  • (PDF) Continuous Casting - ResearchGate

    Jun 03, 2019· Continuous casting is a process whereby molten metal is sol idified into a semi-finished billet, bloom, or slab for subsequent rolling in finishing mills; it is the most frequently used process to ...

  • Optimization Of Continuous Casting Process In Steel

    May 15, 2021· Read PDF Optimization Of Continuous Casting Process In Steel quality, productivity and cost efficiency. It allows lower-cost production of metal sections with better quality, due to the inherently lower costs of continuous, standardized production of a product, as well as providing increased control over the process through automation ...


    The upwards vertical adaptation of the Rautomead continuous casting process was developed in the early 1990s. It became apparent that upwards casting brought advantages over the horizontal process in production of many copper-based alloys, including CuMg, as well as tin-bronzes and a range of binary brasses. Crystalline

  • Continuous Casting (metallurgy)

    B.G. Thomas, Continuous Casting, Yearbook of Science and Technology, McGraw-Hill, 2004.3 The process is started by plugging the bottom of the mold with a dummy bar. After enough metal has solidified above it (a process similar to conventional casting), the dummy bar is slowly

  • Chapter 11: Fundamentals of Casting

    Casting Terminology Parting line- separates the cope and drag Draft- angle or taper on a pattern that allows for easy removal of the casting from the mold Casting- describes both the process and the product when molten metal is poured and solidified Figure 11-2 Cross section of a typical two-part sand

  • Metallurgy of Continuous Casting Technology

    Apr 29, 2017· Continuous casting process with a starter bar is shown below in Figure-4. The starter bar has a free end portion, which is flexible for storage, and a substantially rigid portion at the end, which plugs the mould [11]. Figure-4 Continuous Casting Process with a starter bar 23 International Journal of Manufacturing & Industrial Engineering IJMIE

  • The Ohno Continuous Casting Process - MCRU

    The Ohno Continuous Casting Process. As for conducting materials, normal, high purity copper has about 1500 grains in each foot (5000/m). The signal must cross the junctions between these grains 1500 times in order to travel through one foot of cable. These grain boundaries cause the same type of irritating distortion as current crossing from

  • Understanding the Role Water-Cooling Plays During ...

    its base. The defining character of the D.C. casting process is the extraction of heat due to this direct impingement of water on the ingot surface typically more than 80% of the total heat is removed by this method under steady state conditions[5]. The thermal field in this semi-continuous process can be considered to develop in two distinct stages.

  • New Developments for Process Modelling of the

    for Process Modelling of the Continuous Casting of Steel, SteelSim 2007, Graz/Seggau, Austria, p. 203, Sep 07 . temperature are determined by the Trebel hot tensile testing machine at the IEHK and implemented into the continuous casting simulation. The experimental approach is an in situ

  • How Steel is Made Using the Basic Oxygen Steelmaking

    molten steel. The molten steel is now ready for continuous casting. Continuous Casting Continuous casting is the process of solidifying molten metal into semi-finished shapes. It is called continuous casting because the actual casting of the steel is subsequently followed by rolling (Continuous Casting).

  • Although continuous casting was conceived and patented

    Sep 24, 1979· The continuous casting process replaces these separate steps of ingot casting, mold stripping, heating in soaking pits and primary rolling with one operation some cases,continuous casting also replaces reheating and rerolling steps.An example of a typical continuous casting apparatus is shown in Figure 2.

  • Modeling of the Solidification Process in a Continuous ...

    processes in the steel industry, such as continuous cast-ing, hot rolling, cold rolling, heat treatments, etc.[4] A schematic representation of a continuous casting in-stallation for steel slabs in shown in Figure 1, where we can identify the following process sequence: (1) The liquid steel is poured into a copper mold, which

  • Continuous Casting - Manufacturing Process

    Continuous casting manufacture is different from other metal casting processes, particularly in the timing of the process. In other casting operations, the different steps to the process such as the ladling of metal, pouring, solidification, and casting removal all take place one at a time in a sequential order.

  • (PDF) Metal Casting Principles and Techniques

    Download full-text PDF Read full-text. Download full-text PDF. ... Continuous Casting ... in order to make the best use of foundry sand in the casting process, it is essential to demonstrate an ...

  • [PDF] Continuous Casting of Steel | Semantic Scholar

    Continuous casting is used to solidify most of the 750 million tons of steel produced in the world every year. Like most commercial processes, continuous casting involves many complex interacting phenomena. Most previous advances have been based on empirical knowledge gained from experimentation with the process. To further optimize the design and improve the continuous casting process ...

  • Continuous Casting of Steel

    Continuous casting is used to solidify most of the 750 million tons of steel produced in the world every year. Like most commercial processes, continuous casting involves many complex interacting phenomena. Most previous advances have been based on empirical knowledge gained from experimentation with the process.


    1. Generate initial set of process parameter settings. 2. Evaluate the settings by simulating the casting process. 3. Store parameter setting with minimum f as a result. 4. Select a subset of settings with low f for further processing. 5. Generate new parameter settings

  • Multiphysics Modeling of the Steel Continuous Casting Process

    This multiphysics modeling approach rede nes the state of the art of process modeling for continuous casting, and can be used in future work to explore the formation and prevention of defects and other practical issues. This work also explores the eigen-problem for an arbitrary 3x3 matrix. An explicit,